Beta maritima: The Origin of Beets - download pdf or read online

By Enrico Biancardi,Leonard W. Panella,Robert T. Lewellen

Along the undisturbed beaches, particularly of the Mediterranean Sea and the eu North Atlantic Ocean, is a particularly common plant known as Beta maritima by way of botanists, or frequently sea beet. not anything, for the green observer's eye, distinguishes it from surrounding wild crops. regardless of its inconspicuous and approximately invisible plants, the plant has had and should have necessary monetary and clinical value. certainly, in accordance with Linnè, it really is thought of "the progenitor of the beet vegetation probably born from Beta maritima in a few international country".  fresh molecular study proven this lineage. choice utilized after domestication has created many cultivated forms with various locations. The wild plant regularly has been harvested and used either for nutrients and as a medicinal herb. Sea beet crosses simply with the cultivated forms. This enables the transmission of genetic qualities misplaced in the course of domestication, which choice strategies aimed in simple terms at positive aspects instantly worthwhile to farmers and shoppers can have depleted. certainly, as with numerous crop wild kin, Beta maritima has been effectively used to enhance cultivated beet’s genetic resistances opposed to many illnesses and pests. in truth, sugar beet cultivation at present will be most unlikely in lots of nations with out the restoration of features preserved within the wild germplasm. 

Dr. Enrico Biancardi graduated from Bologna college. From 1977 until eventually 2009, he was once fascinated with sugar beet breeding task by way of the Istituto Sperimentale according to le Colture Industriali (ISCI) formerly Stazione Sperimentale di Bieticoltura (Rovigo, Italy), the place he published rhizomania and cercospora resistant germplasm and picked up seeds of Mediterranean sea beet populations as a genetic source for breeding and ex situ conservation.  Retired considering that 2009, he nonetheless collaborates with numerous operating breeders, specifically, on the USDA Agricultural learn Stations, on the chinese language Academy of Agricultural technological know-how (CAAS), and on the Athens collage (AUA). He has edited books, books chapters and authored greater than one hundred fifty papers.

Dr. Lee Panella is a plant breeder and geneticist with the USDA-ARS at castle Collins, Colorado.  He earned his B.S. in Crop and Soil technological know-how from Michigan kingdom college, an M.S. in Plant Breeding from Texas A&M college, and a Ph.D. in genetics from the college of California at Davis.  His learn concentration is constructing ailment resistant germplasm utilizing sugar beet wild relatives.  he's chairman of the USDA-ARS Sugar Beet Crop Germplasm Committee and has accumulated and labored greatly with sea beet. 

Dr. Robert T. Lewellen was once raised on a ranch in jap Oregon and bought a B.S. in Crop technology from Oregon country collage by way of a Ph.D. from Montana nation collage in Genetics. From 1966 to 2008 he used to be a examine geneticist for the USDA-ARS at Salinas, California, the place he studied the genetics of sugar beet and as a plant breeder, frequently used sea beet as a genetic resource to supply many pest and disorder resistant sugar beet germplasm and parental traces, whereas authoring greater than a hundred publications.

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Beta maritima: The Origin of Beets by Enrico Biancardi,Leonard W. Panella,Robert T. Lewellen

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