The Chilean Novel

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S. dictatorship.� In 1929, the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) created a new post-revolutionary constitution that initiated land reform, promised worker rights, nationalized key industries (such as oil production and copper mining) and separated church from state.� The PRI, however, wielded so much power through unions, patronage and media control that it became an entrenched bureaucracy for more than 70 years.� PRI was finally swept from power in 2000 with the election of political conservative Vicente Fox as President of Mexico. was also implicated in the rise to power of the Batista family during the 1930�s.� In 1959, after a series of earlier attempts, socialist leaders Fidel Castro and Che Guevara successfully led a communist revolution in .�� By 1961, they had nationalized all private business, cancelled all elections and suspended the constitution as they embarked on a series of social reforms that completely remade Cuban society.� In response, the were therefore presented with the unpalatable choice of repression from the political right or from the political left.� Civil wars and unpopular coups erupted throughout the region during the 1970�s and 1980�s, killing and displacing millions.� By 2000, to economic self-sufficiency and out of poverty, he successfully raised literacy rates to over 90% and established high-quality health care for nearly all of .� The Iran-Contra scandal of the mid-1980�s is an example of the complex situations involved.� Responding to the 1979 overthrow of the U.

Pages: 560

Publisher: Scarecrow Press (August 28, 1995)

ISBN: 0810828685

The Latin American Urban Crónica: Between Literature and Mass Culture

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